To what extent has our understanding of organisations and management progressed in theory and in practice since the beginning of the 20th century to help addressing the in organizations?
Given that organisations are an inescapable part of all our lives it becomes important that we develop an understanding of what they are and how they work (or do not work). The lecture programme has emphasized the idea that organisations are not a single
entity and that making sense of them requires us to examine them through a variety of theoretical perspectives as well as our own perceptual lens. This postmodern understanding argues that organisations are socially constructed phenomena, so questions like; ‘what the organisation is’, ‘why it is there’ and ‘how it works (or doesn’t)’, ‘why’, ‘who should manage’ and ‘how’ should be addressed from these different, but interrelated theoretical constructs. This is quite different from the views of scientific management theorists only.
The various perspectives offered during the lectures can all be employed to help you make sense of organisations and the management of them. These may include the following but you are not confined to these;
Cultural (organisational and national)
An additional implication of the postmodern understanding is that the person making sense, (you), must acknowledge their own influence on the sense making process, that is, you are also involved in socially constructing the organisation even as an analyst, and
are not examining it from a distance. This will involve you in a consideration of your own background and life experience. You are encouraged to offer insights of your own, and given that we are understanding organisations as any community of people, large or
small and with whatever purpose, you should use your own experience. This may include any organisations of which you have experience, for example; part time or full time work, schools and other educational establishments, leisure time organisations,
Finally, you are also required to use examples from contemporary organisations to support and illustrate your points. These might come from your reading of contemporary events, from news sources or television documentaries.
To summarise, you are required to write an essay which explores the notion of organisation and management using a variety of theoretical perspectives and supported by examples from your own experience as well as from your reading of academic work
and from contemporary organisations. This will require you to use the lecture material, books and articles, and contemporary news sources. The emphasis is on writing a persuasive essay which builds a case for a particular point of view and which is drawn
together in the conclusion. Your account should be analytical and critically informed, and not simply a description of an organisation.
You must use the Harvard referencing system and reference all authors and dates referred to in the text. You are NOT allowed to use the general internet references e.g. www.google.com, www.yahoo.com and Wikipedia etc. All references should be from the
credible sources e.g. books, refereed papers, articles, journals, magazines etc.
Length: 3000 words +/- 10%
To what extent has our understanding of organisations and management progressed in theory and in practice since the beginning of the 20th century to help addressing the diversity issues in organizations?