Oriyama (2011) studied sociocultural factors that can affect or support the HL, such as society, community, and school. Which element, of the three, has the most influence?
- studied sociocultural factors that can affect or support the HL, such as society, community, and school. Which element, of the three, has the most influence?
- To what extent is bilingualism a product and an agent of complex social networks? Which of the two mutually inclusive factors has a more significant effect on HL literacy?
- Japanese maintenance rates of the Japan-born is lower than that of the Australian born. One would naturally expect the rates for Japan-born to be higher instead of shorter. What could account for this unusual phenomenon or trend in Japanese language use?
- A 1996 census gave an unexpected picture regarding the Japanese maintenance rate contrary to the patterns of some language groups. What could be a possible reason or explanation for this odd phenomenon among the Japanese community in Australia?
- A possible contributing factor to language maintenance is the type of settlement. It is either urban or rural. In the Australian context, what can counteract this susceptibility of the Japanese language to mainstream pressure from the majority group?
- This study uses two types of methods to gather data. What are they and what were the goal(s) of each method?
- Carefully follow how this paper is organized. Summarize what kind of information is provided in each section.
- Questionnaire 1:
- Questionnaire 2:
- Practical Implication:
- What are some key findings of this paper? What if you test your language group using these methods? Do you expect to find similar results? Why or why not?
- Any interesting point that you want to further discuss?