For this exam there are 4 prompts. Write a short essay for each of them (approximately 400 – 500 words). While there are fewer questions, the prompts are a little more involved, so read them carefully and make sure to answer all parts! Feel free to work on them offline in a word doc and then copy and paste your answers when you are ready. Either way, you should be able to leave and come back to the exam (check to make sure it has automatically saved). Don’t submit it until you are finished. If you accidentally submit it you may have to start over.
Each question is worth 25 points and will be evaluated as follows. An “A” answer should:
- Answer all parts of the question(s)
- Incorporate the most accurate and relevant information from class material (readings, lectures, and class discussion) to support the answer
- Be clear, concise, and focused.
- Be organized in a logical manner.
- Given what we learned about elections and representation in the first half of the course, discuss the role that social movements play in a democracy. To what extent do/can social movements provide a remedy to the limitations of democratic institutions? How is the current political environment (or political opportunity structures) shaping the mobilization we see now? How does this compare to other moments in history?
- Compare and contrast the role that gender has played within each of the following types of movements: feminist, conservative, and intersectional. This includes looking at the different ways in which it is understood, the degree to which it is emphasized, and/or the ways in which it has been used as a mobilizing strategy.
- Social movements rely on collective action(action taken together by a group of people to enhance their status in the face of oppression and/or to achieve a common objective). Discuss some of the internal challenges/tensions that LGBTQ movements have faced in trying to mobilize collectively. How does this compare to feminist movements? Use specific examples.
- Intersectionality can be understood as an analytical framework for studying social movements as well as a political orientation or praxis for mobilization. How does an intersectional approach (as opposed to a single-axis approach) to the study of social movements draw attention to previous exclusions? What does intersectional mobilization look like? What are some of the indicators of intersectional praxis and how are they used to build more inclusive mobilizations? Use examples when/where appropriate.